CBD, or cannabidiol, is an incredibly powerful derivative of the hemp plant. It offers a number of health benefits and is gaining popularity as a natural remedy for many common ailments.
Let’s take a further look into the benefits of taking CBD oil. Is it legal? Is it safe to use? What are the possible CBD oil side effects? Let’s find out.
Table of Contents
- What is CBD Oil – An Overview of Cannabidiol (CBD)
- The Benefits of Taking CBD Oil
- The Health Risks of Taking CBD Oil
What is CBD Oil – An Overview of Cannabidiol (CBD)
It is important to note that CBD is derived from the hemp plant, and not the marijuana plant. This is important because while both plants are part of the cannabis family and produce CBD, only marijuana plants produce high concentration levels of THC, whereas hemp plants produce little to no THC.
Here at Now CBD, our CBD oil is derived from CBD coming from hemp plants to ensure that there is little to no THC in our products – making them completely legal nationwide and customers won’t feel any psychoactive effects that would come from THC found in CBD derived from marijuana plants.
Most people have heard of marijuana (weed, pot), which consists of the dried flowers of the cannabis plant. It contains more than 100 chemical compounds called cannabinoids. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the best-known psychoactive (mind-altering) derivative of the cannabis plant. It produces the characteristic marijuana “high”. CBD oil is derived from the hemp plant, a cousin of the marijuana plant. The difference is that it does not produce mind-altering effects. This quality makes it extremely beneficial in managing a variety of medical symp
toms, which is why cannabidiol is an important component of medical marijuana.
Interestingly, it is believed that the different cannabinoids have complex interactions with each other. Researchers have postulated an entourage effect, i.e., the whole cannabis plant is more effective for pain relief and anti-inflammatory effects compared to individual components isolated from it. CBD is therefore thought to boost the beneficial effects of THC and reduce its negative psychoactive effects such as sedation, paranoia, and impaired memory .
Cannabis Sativa vs Indica:
Before looking at the list of CBD oil benefits let’s first understand the difference between the two main types of cannabis plants. Cannabis Indica is a short, dark green plant with wide leaves. It produces what is referred to as nighttime cannabis, which is best consumed in the evening due to its sedative effect. Indica strains are useful in relieving symptoms such as insomnia, pain, anxiety, arthritis, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis. Cannabis Sativa is a taller, thinner plant with narrow, light green leaves. Cannabidiol is the major non-psychoactive component of Sativa strains. These strains affect the brain by elevating mood and boosting creativity so they are best used in the daytime. Sativa strains are used to treat conditions such as nausea, headache, depression, and chronic pain. Hybrid cannabis strains are a mix of the two and provide a combination of body and brain effects. Marijuana farmers have experimented with growing strains that have a high CBD content and almost zero THC.
Is CBD oil legal?
Cannabis Sativa consists of male hemp plants and female marijuana plants. The hemp plant produces CBD which has less than 0.3 percent THC. The marijuana plant produces CBD with more than 0.3 percent THC. In the United States, the Federal Farm Bill states this percentage of THC as the legal distinction between marijuana and hemp. Hemp CBD products are available at health stores. Anyone above the age of 18 can purchase them. Cannabis CBD is only available at pharmacies in states where medical marijuana is legal.
Does CBD oil make you high?
CBD has been called weed minus the high. People who are looking for the health and wellness benefits of cannabis without its mind-altering effects are increasingly drawn to it. It has been hailed as a super nutrient and wonder elixir. The reason for the surge in its popularity is the list of CBD oil benefits without any psychoactive sensations. The World Health Organization’s report  on cannabidiol states that it has no potential for dependence or abuse in humans.
How to use CBD oil?
After cannabidiol has been extracted from the cannabis plant, it is diluted with carrier oils such as coconut or hemp seed. CBD products are available in many forms including:
- Candy or gummy frogs
- Wellness drinks
- Aerosol sprays
- Liquid for vape pens
The Benefits of Taking CBD Oil
List of CBD Benefits
Numerous studies have demonstrated the health benefits of CBD. It is used to treat a number of different medical conditions, including:
- Chronic Pain
- Anxiety and Depression
- Insomnia and Sleep Support
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Multiple sclerosis
- Cancer-related symptoms
- High blood pressure
- Substance abuse
CBD Oil for Pain Relief
Human beings have used the cannabis plants to treat pain for centuries. Research has shown that the CBD is one of the components found in the cannabis plants (both marijuana and hemp plants) that is responsible for these pain-relieving effects.
Fortunately, now with state certified hemp farms and extraction labs, like the ones we work with in Colorado, CBD is now able to be extracted from just hemp plants without having to worry about extracting from marijuana plants which contain THC.
So, how does CBD help our bodies fight off pain?
The endocannabinoid system is a signaling system in the human body that regulates a number of our important functions, such as immune response, emotions, appetite, sleep, and of course, pain. Our body naturally produces endocannabinoids to help this regulation occur, but now studies have shown that our bodies can also take in outside endocannabinoids, not just the ones we produce naturally.
By providing CBD to your body’s endocannabinoid system, you can help stimulate your neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors in the brain, making it easier for your body to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. .
It is important to know that CBD oil can be taken sublingually, such as with our full spectrum oil tincture, or orally with CBD capsules. You can even use it topically if your looking to treat a specific pain or inflamed area by applying a CBD relief gel directly to your pain areas.
Cannabidiol alleviates many different types of pain, including pain due to inflammation, nerve injury, and vascular dysfunction. Laboratory experiments have found cannabinoids are effective in relieving musculoskeletal pain due to sickle cell anemia and incisional pain following surgery [8,9]. Cannabidiol has also proven effective in chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain . The medication Sativex, which is a combination of THC and CBD, has shown significant analgesic effects in patients with painful rheumatoid arthritis . In addition, CBD oil benefits include treating pain and muscle spasms related to multiple sclerosis.
CBD Oil for Anxiety and Depression
Mental health conditions are now being taken more seriously than they have in the past, and are a major concern due to increasing amount of people experiencing anxiety, depression, and the devastating impact these conditions have on our lives and loved ones’ lives around us.
In the United States alone, about 40 million adults suffer from anxiety disorders. Conventional pharmaceutical treatments for depression and anxiety are associated with a number of adverse effects including insomnia, agitation, headache, and sexual dysfunction. Some medications that are used to treat these conditions, such as benzodiazepines, pose a serious threat to the patients for abuse and addiction.
CBD oil has been proven to be a natural remedy for anxiety and depression. Several studies have shown that it benefits people with anxiety. One study  found that cannabidiol significantly reduced discomfort, anxiety, and cognitive impairment during public speaking. Another case study  revealed that cannabidiol alone can reduce insomnia and anxiety in children with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to sexual abuse without any additional pharmaceutical treatment. It is believed that cannabidiol activates 5HT1A receptors [14, 15] in the brain to induce anti-anxiety and antidepressant effects and these effects are comparable to conventional drugs used for the treatment of depression.
CBD oil is also being studied as a possible treatment of motivational disorders, including drug addiction. It has also been found to have antipsychotic and anti-compulsive properties  for the treatment of psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder. More research is needed to confirm these findings, but preliminary results are promising and the list of CBD oil benefits should grow to include more mental health conditions, in addition to anxiety and depression.
CBD Oil for Neurological Disorders
One of the most successful uses of cannabidiol has been in the treatment of childhood seizures. The FDA has approved a CBD medication called Epidiolex that dramatically reduces the number and severity of seizures in children with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (severe forms of epilepsy). Cannabidiol may also protect against seizures in adults. A study  found CBD oil benefits include a reduction in seizure frequency in patients who are unresponsive to conventional epilepsy treatments.
This is an insidious neurological disorder associated with motor symptoms such as tremor, slowed movements, and rigidity. Cannabinoids have a known role in neuroprotection and motor control in people with Parkinson’s. They also have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Studies  have found that CBD oil benefits include improvement in sleep-related behaviors including nightmares and activity during dreams in Parkinson’s patients. Cannabidiol at doses ranging from 75 mg to 300 mg per day  can improve the overall quality of life for people with Parkinson’s.
This is a disabling disease of the brain and nervous system. Symptoms vary but include numbness, weakness, vision loss, tremors, shock-like sensations, slurred speech, spasticity, and fatigue. Nabiximols (brand name Sativex) is a medication that contains THC and CBD. It is an emerging treatment for MS. It is effective and well tolerated as an add-on therapy for the spasticity and neuropathic pain seen in multiple sclerosis. It is administered via the oromucosal route and is available as a spray .
Other Neurological Diseases
CBD oil benefits also include control of chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain due to sciatic nerve constriction. Studies  have shown that cannabidiol enhances the anti-pain effect of morphine and reduces stroke damage.
It is beneficial in debilitating neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Currently available treatments for Alzheimer’s do not reverse or stop disease progression; however, cannabidiol has neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant effects and is a potential preventive treatment option for this disease [24, 25]. CBD oil benefits list includes potentially preventing social withdrawal and facial recognition deficits in people with Alzheimer’s.
The endocannabinoid system may play a role in schizophrenia treatment. The non-psychotic component of cannabis, CBD, has antipsychotic properties [31, 32] and can counteract cognitive impairment, making it a promising therapy for schizophrenia.
CBD Oil for Cancer-Related Symptoms
One of the main CBD oil benefits is the relief of cancer-related symptoms. A major factor that affects the quality of life for cancer patients is pain. Combinations of THC and cannabidiol have been shown to reduce cancer pain. Cannabinoids interact with receptors in the brain to control pain and inflammation. They are a good therapeutic option for people who are unresponsive to traditional analgesics or do not tolerate opioids well. THC/CBD mouth sprays are effective in cancer-pain reduction. Typical doses of CBD for cancer pain are up to 40 mg per day . Products containing higher doses of THC show better efficacy in pain relief. Doses of 2.5 to 10 mg of cannabidiol can provide significant alleviation of symptoms. One study  found that compared to a placebo, twice as many cancer patients treated with THC/CBD experienced a 30 percent reduction in pain.
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting are common adverse effects of cancer treatment and have a major impact on the quality of life. CBD oil benefits include alleviation of symptoms such as nausea and vomiting which are induced by cancer treatment drugs. Oral THC/CBD capsules containing a small dose of each given in addition to standard antiemetics are well tolerated and provide better protection against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.
Cannabidiol has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Many studies [4, 5, 6] have shown that in patients with prostate, hepatocellular, and breast carcinomas, CBD inhibits the release of exosomes and microvesicles which are essential for cancer cell communication. In animal models, cannabidiol has shown potential as an effective nontoxic therapy to reduce metastatic potential (chance of spread). CBD treatment for breast cancer is a promising avenue that warrants further research. In addition, it has also been found that cannabidiol helps sensitize cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents, i.e., it makes the cancer cells more likely to respond to treatment. The list of CBD oil benefits, therefore, include a novel and safe antitumor agent for aggressive cancers .
CBD Oil For Acne Treatment
Acne affects 80 percent of adolescents, and in many people, it can persist well into adulthood. Inflammation is one of the main factors that produces acne. Acne pimples and cysts typically develop in areas where hair follicles and sebaceous glands are present. It is characterized by increased production of sebum (oily secretions).
Conventional acne treatment includes topical creams and gels which are associated with side effects such as redness, stinging, and peeling of the skin. Cannabidiol has an anti-inflammatory effect and inhibits sebum production . CBD oil benefits, therefore, include a promising, highly effective, and novel treatment for acne.
Lesser Known Benefits of CBD Oil
Preclinical studies  have found cannabidiol has numerous benefits for the cardiovascular system, one of which is lowering of blood pressure, especially in response to stress. Studies  have also demonstrated that cannabidiol reduces oxidative stress, fibrosis (scar tissue formation), dysfunction, and cell death in people with diabetic cardiomyopathy, a condition characterized by a declining heart function. It was found to be well tolerated with an excellent safety profile, therefore adding cardiovascular disorders to the CBD oil benefits list.
The endocannabinoid system influences many gastrointestinal functions such as gastric acid secretion, motility, emptying, and integrity of the mucosa. Cannabinoids have therapeutic potential in conditions such as vomiting and nausea, irritable bowel syndrome, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, and intestinal inflammation. Animal models  have shown that one of the benefits of CBD is reduced inflammation and hypermotility of the gut.
Evidence suggests that targeting the endocannabinoid system can prove to be a novel intervention in people with opiate dependence. Although the neural mechanisms are not completely understood, CBD oil benefits include an impact on certain phases of addiction . It is believed that cannabidiol acts in synergy with THC during opioid withdrawal and prevents relapse. Case studies  also show that CBD can decrease addictive marijuana use by reducing anxiety and providing sleep benefits.
Several common studies have shown that CBD oil can help in quitting or reducing smoking cigarettes by mitigating withdrawal symptoms and strengthening the endocannabinoid system.
Research  on animals has shown that cannabidiol significantly lowers the occurrence of diabetes in the absence of obesity, though to occur through an immune-modulated mechanism.
The Health Risks of CBD Oil
Is Cannabidiol Safe?
The primary safety concern with CBD is the quality of the products. Because it qualifies as a dietary supplement and not a medication, cannabidiol is not regulated by the FDA. That’s why it’s important to buy high-quality CBD products from a reputed retailer. This ensures the product contains only the active ingredients listed on the label. Products containing unknown elements can be dangerous. Cannabidiol interacts with certain medications and can alter their effect. For example, it increases the level of the blood thinner Coumadin; it’s always a good idea to talk to a doctor to make sure you can take CBD if you have other prescription medicines that you are taking.
CBD oil benefits are best realized when the products contain CBD that is sourced from hemp plants grown on nutrient rich farms in the U.S. such as in Colorado or Kentucky. Organic hemp farms, free from harmful pesticides and herbicides, produce the best hemp plants for extracting CBD.
After being produced on a state certified hemp farm here in the U.S., certified extraction labs should be enlisted to safely extract CBD from the plant. Finally, only trusted and experienced non-GMO certified manufacturers should take the CBD extract and turn it into effective and safe products such as CBD oil, capsules, and topical relief creams.
Ethical companies sell CBD products legally with transparency and accountability. Shady businesses make wild claims about the benefits of CBD oil and claim it is a cure-all for serious diseases such as cancer. Remember, cheaper is not always better. The manufacturing process plays a role in product safety. The CO2 extraction process is more complex and expensive compared to solvent extraction, which can leave a toxic residue in the CBD product. Products made with the CO2 extraction process may cost more, but you’re paying for safer, more effective cannabidiol.
The CBD oil benefits list is long. It is an effective treatment option for a number of medical conditions. If you or a loved one could benefit from cannabidiol, take a look at our range of quality products at [link to website/shop] today.
CBD Oil Side Effects
According to the World Health Organization, CBD is generally well tolerated by most people and their endocannabinoid systems. The majority of users do not experience any CBD oil side effects. But like any treatment, it can lead to some adverse effects, most commonly:
- Nausea / Vomiting
- Dry mouth
- Appetite/weight changes
Some studies have linked cannabidiol to liver damage. There are some reports  of cancer and infertility. The oil may interact with certain prescription medications. More research is needed to study the effects of chronic CBD use. The majority of studies  have demonstrated that CBD has a good safety profile. It has demonstrated effectiveness in the treatment of a number of medical conditions. However, it is recommended to seek a doctor’s advice before using CBD oil to avoid potentially harmful effects and interactions with current prescription medicines.